Secret Meanings: Symbols of Faith (Part III)
From angels and doves to circles and vines, there are numerous “hidden” meanings within the decorative symbols on crosses and other adornments of faith.
Jerusalem (Crusaders) Cross
A cross design compromised of five smaller crosses, the Jerusalem Cross (also known as the “Crusaders Cross”) was first used in 1099 as a coat of arms by Crusades leader Godfrey de Bouillon for the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem. This event marked the recapture of Jerusalem and the Christian Holy Land by the First Crusade. “De Bouillon believed that the cross symbolized Jesus Christ and the city of Jerusalem [as] the root of Christianity.”
While the Jerusalem Cross, as a whole, “…represents Christ’s command to spread the Gospel around the world,” its design is open to interpretation. Three of the most prominent interpretations say that the five crosses:
- Represent Christ (the center cross) and the four Evangelists: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
- Symbolize the spread of Christianity from its origins in the Holy Land (the center cross) to the four corners of the earth). and the spread of Christianity from its origins in the Holy Land to the four corners of the earth.
- Suggest the five wounds of Christ on the cross (the “small crosses for the hands and feet, and the large central cross for the spear wound in His side.”)
James Avery – http://www.jamesavery.com/content.jsp?pageName=Religious-Symbol-Meanings#DescendingDove
Tags: Ancient History, Celtic, Celtic Cross, Christian cross, christian symbols, Cross, Cross history, crusaders cross, Greek Cross, History, Jerusalem Cross, Jewelry, July 2017, Orthodox cross, Scriptures Cross, symbol, symbols of faith
Christian Symbols – http://www.umcs.org/chrismons/booklet.pdf
Christianity Symbols Illustrated Guide – https://www.thoughtco.com/christianity-symbols-illustrated-glossary-4051292
The History of Crosses and Crucifixes – http://www.holylandtreasuresonline.com/Store/Content/ResourceArticle/-3/1/21.html
Greek Cross – https://symbolsproject.eu/crosses/greek-cross.aspx
Holy Land Treasures: Jerusalem Cross – http://www.holylandtreasuresonline.com/Store/Content/ResourceArticle/-3/1/23.html
Historical Origin of the Jerusalem Cross – https://blog.catholicfaithstore.com/history-significance-jerusalem-cross/
Seiyaku: Jerusalem Cross – http://www.seiyaku.com/customs/crosses/jerusalem.html
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