Russian crosses incorporate Byzantine and Russian religious symbolism. The Russian cross pendants are reminiscent of original 17th, 18th, and 19th century Russian Orthodox cross pendants. Many of the crosses are design replicas of Russian Old Believer crosses. These Orthodox crosses have Slavonic lettering on the reverse reading from Psalm 68 “Let God arise, let his enemies be scattered…” Many Russian crosses have the St. Andrew cross, also know as the three bar Eastern Orthodox cross or Orthodox cross, on the front of the cross pendant. The most popular Orthodox cross is the St. Olga cross. This cross is a 20th century Russian Orthodox cross design with the St. Andrew cross on the front and on the reverse inscribed in Slavonic is “Save and Protect”. Gallery Byzantium Russian Orthodox crosses are available in 14kt gold and sterling silver.